Keratosis pilaris (KP) is characterized by bumpy, dry skin caused by hair follicles becoming plugged by dry skin cells. It can occur at any age or location on the body, but it is particularly common on the upper arms and thighs of teenagers and adults, and on the cheeks of infants. These bumps can appear in different colors, and they will cause the skin to feel rough and dry to the touch. It is more common in people with dry skin, such as people with atopic dermatitis. It tends to appear or worsen during the winter months when the air is dry.
Types of Keratosis Pilaris
Below are a few of the most common forms:
- Keratosis Pilaris Rubra – red bumps on the arms, head, or legs
- Keratosis Pilaris Alba – bumpy skin with little irritation
- Keratosis Pilaris Rubra Faceii – red rash on cheeks
Keratosis Pilaris Treatment
KP is typically not a serious skin condition and usually does not itch. However, if the appearance is bothersome, there are a few at-home and medicinal treatment options to improve their appearance. Generally, treatment is focused on moisturizing the skin and gently removing the outermost layers of excessive skin.
At-Home Remedies To Treat KP
Because KP is correlated with dry skin, most of the remedies involve keeping skin moist.
- Lotion – KP is often linked to dry skin, so simply keeping your skin moisturized may help. Creams that also exfoliate your skin (they contain alpha hydroxy acid, lactic acid, or salicylic acid) help remove dead skin cells as well as moisturize your skin.
- Regulate Bathing – Long, hot baths/showers dry the skin out by washing away healthy oils. Limit bathing to 10 minutes, and use warm (not hot) water.
- Humidifier – These devices add moisture to a room, and will help to keep skin moist.
- Loose-fitting Clothing – Tight-fitting clothing can cause friction on the pores, exacerbating KP’s appearance.
Medicinal Treatments for KP
- Steroids – Certain steroids can help soften the bumps and lessen the redness.
- Anti Inflammatories – These medications can decrease swelling associated with KP.
Alaska Center for Dermatology can assist with KP treatment. Book an appointment to discuss keratosis pilaris treatment with a Dermatology Provider today.